Andreas Trotzke

Professor of Linguistics, University of Konstanz 

I’m Außerplanmäßiger Professor in the Department of Linguistics, University of Konstanz and Fellow at UAB’s Center for Theoretical Linguistics. I’m also General Editor of the journal Pedagogical Linguistics (John Benjamins), and I’m serving as Advisory Board Member of the German Linguistic Society (DGfS) and as Spokesman of DGfS’s Lehramtsinitiative (Initiative for Linguistics in Language Education).

February 23,  2021

November 9-10,  2020

June 11, 2020

March 5,  2020

March 2020 

(current manuscript versions)

Invited lecture series: Non-canonical questions in German. Université Paris Diderot.

New book published: Formal Linguistics and Language Education. Dordrecht: Springer.

Elected as Advisory Board Member for DGfS (German Linguistic Society) & DGfS Spokesman of Lehramtsinitiative (Initiative for Linguistics in Language Education)

Some phenomena I have been thinking about recently (drafts; comments very welcome!):

2019: Andreas Trotzke & Anastasia Giannakidou. Exclamatives as emotive assertions of intensity.

2019: Andreas Trotzke & Liliane Haegeman. PP-internal particles in Dutch as evidence for PP-internal discourse structure.

2020: Andreas Trotzke & Laia Mayol. Catalan focus markers as discourse particles.

2019: Laura Dörre & Andreas Trotzke. Inclusive only in German.

2020: Laura González López & Andreas Trotzke. ¡Mira! The grammar-attention interface in the Spanish left periphery


  My Google Scholar page

Organized workshops and international conferences

Funded research projects

Membership: DGfS, EuroSLA, SLE

in press: Eva Wittenberg & Andreas Trotzke. A psycholinguistic investigation into diminutive strategies in the East Franconian Noun Phrase. Journal of Germanic Linguistics.

in press: Liliane Haegeman & Andreas Trotzke. Non-temporal dan and the grammar of V2. Nederlandse Taalkunde 25.

in press: Andreas Trotzke. How cool is that! A new ‘construction and its theoretical challenges. The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics.

2020: Andreas Trotzke. Constructions in minimalism: A functional perspective on cyclicity. Frontiers in Psychology. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.02152

2020: Andreas Trotzke & Xavier Villalba. Exclamatives as responses at the syntax-pragmatics interface. Journal of Pragmatics 168, 139-171. doi:10.1016/j.pragma.2020.06.012

2020: Andreas Trotzke, Ermenegildo Bidese & Manuela Moroni. German discourse particles in the second language classroom: Teasing apart learning problems at the syntax-pragmatics interface. Pedagogical Linguistics. doi:10.1075/pl.20008.tro

2020: Andreas Trotzke & Tanja Kupisch. Formal linguistics and language education: Bridging the gap. In Andreas Trotzke & Tanja Kupisch (eds.), Formal Linguistics and Language Education: New Empirical Perspectives, 1-8. Dordrecht: Springer.

2020: Andreas Trotzke & Tanja Kupisch (eds.). Formal Linguistics and Language Education: New Empirical Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer.

2020: Andreas Trotzke. Pädagogische Linguistik — jetzt! Linguistische Berichte 261, 3-24.

2020: Andreas Trotzke & Tom Rankin. Editorial: Introduction to Pedagogical Linguistics. Pedagogical Linguistics 1, 1-7. doi:10.1075/pl.19015.tro

2019: Andreas Trotzke. How cool is that! Ein neuer Sprechakt aus Sicht der Grammatik/Pragmatik-Schnittstelle. In Simon Meier-Vieracker, Lars Bülow, Frank Liedtke, Konstanze Marx & Robert Mroczynski (eds.), 50 Jahre Speech Acts: Bilanz und Perspektiven, 249-268. Tübingen: Narr.

2019: Andreas Trotzke. Approaching the pragmatics of exclamations experimentally. Proceedings of the Chicago Linguistic Society 54 (CLS 54),  527-540.

2019: Andrea Beltrama & Andreas Trotzke. Conveying emphasis for intensity: Lexical and syntactic strategies. Language and Linguistics

Compass 13, e12343. doi:10.1111/lnc3.12343

2019: Andreas Trotzke & Sergio Monforte. Basque question particles: Implications for a syntax of discourse particles. Linguistic Variation 19, 352-385. doi:10.1075/lv.18002.tro

2019: Laura Dörre & Andreas Trotzke. The processing of secondary meaning: An experimental comparison of focus and modal particles in wh-questions. In Daniel Gutzmann & Katharina Turgay (eds.), Secondary Content: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Side Issues, 143-167. Leiden: Brill. doi:10.1163/9789004393127_007

2019: Andreas Trotzke & Eva Wittenberg. Long-standing issues in adjective order and corpus evidence for a multifactorial approach.

Linguistics 57, 273-282. doi:10.1515/ling-2019-0001

2019: Andreas Trotzke & Eva Wittenberg (eds.). Adjective Order through a Germanic lens. Special Issue of Linguistics 57, 273-427.

2019: Andreas Trotzke. A note on the emotive origins of syntax. Evolutionary Linguistic Theory 1, 90-104. doi:10.1075/elt.00005.tro

2019: Judith Degen, Andreas Trotzke, Gregory Scontras, Eva Wittenberg & Noah Goodman. Definitely, maybe: A new experimental paradigm for investigating the pragmatics of evidential devices across languages. Journal of Pragmatics 140, 33-48. doi:10.1016/j.pragma.2018.11.015

2018: Laura Dörre, Anna Czypionka, Andreas Trotzke & Josef Bayer. The processing of German modal particles and their counterparts.

Linguistische Berichte 255, 58-91.

2018: Andreas Trotzke. DP-internal modal particles: A case study of German ja. Studia Linguistica 72, 322-339. doi:10.1111/stul.12052.

2018: Andreas Trotzke, Markus Bader & Lyn Frazier. Third factors and the performance interface in language design. In Anna Maria Di Sciullo (ed.), Biolinguistics. Volume I: Foundations, 301-335. London: Routledge.

2018: Andreas Trotzke. Warum sprechen wir verschiedene Sprachen? Augsburger Allgemeine 63, 19.

2017: Andreas Trotzke. The Grammar of Emphasis: From Information Structure to the Expressive Dimension. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

[Reviewed by Werner Abraham, Folia Linguistica 52, 535-542.]

2017: Andreas Trotzke. Sprachevolution: Eine Einführung. De Gruyter Studium. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

[Reviewed by Eva Wittenberg, Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft 37, 131-137.]

2017: Andreas Trotzke. Mirative fronting in German: Experimental evidence. Review of Cognitive Linguistics 15, 460-488. doi:10.1075/rcl.15.2.07tro

2017: Andreas Trotzke. The interaction between scalar particles and illocutionary force in imperatives. In Julia Nee, Margaret Cychosz, Dmetri Hayes, Tyler Lau & Emily Remirez (eds.), Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 329-349. Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Linguistics Society.

2017: Andreas Trotzke. A note on pragmatic constraints on syntax. Journal of Linguistics 53, 437-439. doi:10.1017/S0022226716000414

2017: Stefano Quaglia & Andreas Trotzke. Italian verb particles and clausal positions. MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 82, 67-82.

2017: Andreas Trotzke & Eva Wittenberg. Expressive particle verbs and conditions on particle fronting. Journal of Linguistics 53, 407-435. doi:10.1017/S0022226716000153

2016: Andreas Trotzke & Stefano Quaglia. Particle topicalization and German clause structure. The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics 19, 109-141. doi:10.1007/s10828-016-9080-y

2016: Eva Wittenberg & Andreas Trotzke. Bericht der AG: Adjective Order: Theory and Experiment. Mitteilungen der DGfS 83, 66-68. 

2015: Andreas Trotzke & Giuseppina Turco. The grammatical reflexes of emphasis: Evidence from German wh-questions. Lingua 168, 37-56. doi:10.1016/j.lingua.2015.09.003

2015: Andreas Trotzke. Rethinking Syntactocentrism: Architectural Issues and Case Studies at the Syntax-Pragmatics Interface. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

[Reviewed by Kriszta Szendroi, Journal of Linguistics 53, 223-228.]

2015: Andreas Trotzke. DP-internal discourse particles, expressive content, and illocutionary force. Grazer Linguistische Studien 83, 93-105.

2015: Andreas Trotzke. How bizarre! A non-syntactic constraint on idiom syntax. Yearbook of the German Cognitive Linguistics Association 3, 219-230. doi:10.1515/gcla-2015-0012

2015: Josef Bayer & Andreas Trotzke. The derivation and interpretation of left peripheral discourse particles. In Josef Bayer, Roland Hinterhölzl & Andreas Trotzke (eds.), Discourse-oriented Syntax, 13-40. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

2015: Josef Bayer, Roland Hinterhölzl & Andreas Trotzke. Issues in discourse-oriented syntax. In Josef Bayer, Roland Hinterhölzl & Andreas Trotzke (eds.), Discourse-oriented Syntax, 1-12. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

2015: Andreas Trotzke & Josef Bayer (eds.). 2015. Syntactic Complexity across Interfaces. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

2015: Josef Bayer, Roland Hinterhölzl & Andreas Trotzke (eds.). 2015. Discourse-oriented Syntax. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

2015: Andreas Trotzke, Stefano Quaglia & Eva Wittenberg. Topicalization in German particle verb constructions: The role of semantic transparency. Linguistische Berichte 244, 407-424.

2015: Andreas Trotzke & Josef Bayer. Syntactic complexity across interfaces. In Andreas Trotzke & Josef Bayer (eds.), Syntactic Complexity across Interfaces, 1-8. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

2015: Ellen Brandner, Ellen, Anna Czypionka, Constantin Freitag & Andreas Trotzke (eds.). Charting the Landscape of Linguistics: On the Scope of Josef Bayer‘s Work. Online-Publikation [Webschrift].

2014: Andreas Trotzke & Jan-Wouter Zwart. The complexity of narrow syntax: Minimalism, representational economy, and simplest Merge. In Frederick J. Newmeyer & Laurel B. Preston (eds.), Measuring Grammatical Complexity, 128-147. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 

2013: Andreas Trotzke, Markus Bader & Lyn Frazier. Third factors and the performance interface in language design. Biolinguistics 7, 1-34.

2013: Andreas Trotzke & Markus Bader. Against usage-based approaches to recursion: The grammar-performance distinction in a biolinguistic perspective. GLOW Newsletter 70, 183-184.

2013: Ellen Brandner, Andreas Trotzke, Barbara Sonnenhauser & Martina Werner. Bericht der AG: NP syntax and information structure. Mitteilungen der DGfS 77, 33-37.

2012: Andreas Trotzke. Review of Lieven Danckaert, Latin Embedded Clauses: The Left Periphery. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. The LINGUIST List 23.4367.

2011: Andreas Trotzke & Antje Lahne. Recursion as derivational layering: An amendment to Zwart. Biolinguistics 5, 335-346.

2011: Uli Sauerland & Andreas Trotzke. Biolinguistic perspectives on recursion: Introduction to the special issue. Biolinguistics 5, 1-9.

2011: Uli Sauerland & Andreas Trotzke (eds.). 2011. Biolinguistics Special Issue on Recursion. Biolinguistics 5, 1-169.

2010: Andreas Trotzke. Rethinking syntactocentrism: An architectural view on minimalist approaches to German left peripheral focus. In Johannes Haack, Heike Wiese, Andreas Abraham & Christian Chiarcos (eds.), Proceedings of KogWis 2010. 10th Biannual Meeting of

the German Society for Cognitive Science. Potsdam: Universitätsverlag Potsdam.

2010: Andreas Trotzke. Rethinking Syntactocentrism: Lessons from Recent Generative Approaches to Pragmatic Properties of Left-periphery-movement in German. Dissertation, Universität Freiburg. [Online-Veröffentlichung]

2010: Andreas Trotzke, Uli Sauerland, Mathias Schenner & Rainer Ludwig. Bericht der AG: „(...) von endlichen Mitteln einen unendlichen Gebrauch machen“ - Recursion as a Central Issue in Recent Linguistics. Mitteilungen der DGfS 71, 57-59.

2008: Andreas Trotzke. 2008. Rekursive Syntax & FLN? Eine kritische Betrachtung neuerer Diskussionen zur menschlichen Sprachfähigkeit innerhalb des Generativismus. MA thesis, Universität Freiburg. [Online-Veröffentlichung]


Since 2009, I am teaching in all core areas of General and German Linguistics.

I’m involved and engaged in developing linguistics’ potential contribution to

language pedagogy by serving as General Editor of the journal

Pedagogical Linguistics (John Benjamins).

I’m directing the Lehramtsinitiative (Initiative for Linguistics in Language Education) 

of the German Linguistic Society (DGfS), and I’m also coordinating the network

LiDi (Modern Linguistics & Language Didactics).

I have taught classes at the following universities:

Stanford University (2016) 

Technische Universität Braunschweig (2018)

UiT Tromsø (2018)

Universität Konstanz (2011 - today)

Universität Potsdam (2009 - 2011)

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (2019)

Universitat Pompeu Fabra Barcelona (2018)

Université Sorbonne Paris Cité/CNRS (2017)

University of Cyprus (2013)

Here are some websites documenting my teaching activities as an Invited Professor:

Université Sorbonne Paris Cité/CNRS, lecture series: The grammar of not-at-issue meaning 

Technische Universität Braunschweig, PhD course: The grammar-pragmatics interface in second and foreign language teaching

UiT Tromsø, PhD course: The syntax-pragmatics interface: Bridging theory and experiment [with Petra Schumacher]


Academic background




Habilitation, Venia legendi: General Linguistics and German Linguistics, University of Konstanz

PhD (Dr. phil.), German Linguistics, University of Freiburg

MA (Magister Artium),  German Linguistics, University of Freiburg

Academic positions (note: SS = German summer term; WS = German winter term)

 since SS 2019 -

WS 2018/19

WS 2017/18 - SS 2019

SS 2017

SS 2016 - WS 2016/17

SS 2011 - WS 2015/16

SS 2009 - WS 2010/11

University of Konstanz, Außerplanmäßiger Professor & UAB Barcelona, Research Fellow

CNRS-IKER/Université de Bordeaux, Professeur invité (1re classe)

University of Konstanz, Head of Section Foreign Language Education; Stand-in Professor

Université Sorbonne Paris Cité/CNRS, Invited Professor; International Chair Empirical Foundations of Linguistics

Stanford University, Visiting Scholar (12 months); Center for the Study of Language and Information (CSLI)

University of Konstanz, Postdoc; Department of Linguistics

University of Potsdam, Lecturer in Linguistics