Andreas Trotzke

Professor of Linguistics, University of Konstanz 

I’m apl. Professor in the Department of Linguistics, University of Konstanz and Editor of the journal Pedagogical Linguistics (John Benjamins). I’m also serving as Advisory Board Member of the German Linguistic Society (DGfS) and as Spokesman of DGfS’s Lehramtsinitiative (Initiative for Linguistics in Language Education).



[7]        Andreas Trotzke & Xavier Villalba (eds.). 2021. Expressive Meaning Across Linguistic Levels and Frameworks. Oxford: Oxford     

              University Press.

[6]        Andreas Trotzke & Tanja Kupisch (eds.). 2020. Formal Linguistics and Language Education: New Empirical Perspectives. Dordrecht: 


[5]        Andreas Trotzke. 2017. The Grammar of Emphasis: From Information Structure to the Expressive Dimension. Berlin: Mouton de 


              [Reviewed by Werner Abraham, Folia Linguistica 52, 535-542.]

[4]        Andreas Trotzke. 2017. Sprachevolution: Eine Einführung. De Gruyter Studium. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

              [Reviewed by Eva Wittenberg, Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft 37, 131-137.]

[3]        Andreas Trotzke. 2015. Rethinking Syntactocentrism: Architectural Issues and Case Studies at the Syntax-Pragmatics Interface

              Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

              [Reviewed by Kriszta Szendroi, Journal of Linguistics 53, 223-228.]

[2]        Andreas Trotzke & Josef Bayer (eds.). 2015. Syntactic Complexity across Interfaces. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

[1]        Josef Bayer, Roland Hinterhölzl & Andreas Trotzke (eds.). 2015. Discourse-oriented Syntax. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Journal articles

[31]    Eva Wittenberg & Andreas Trotzke. in press. Semantic incorporation and discourse prominence: Experimental evidence from 

             English pronoun resolution. Journal of Pragmatics.

[30]    Laura Reimer & Andreas Trotzke. in press. The landscape of non-canonical only in German. Linguistics Vanguard.

[29]    Eva Wittenberg & Andreas Trotzke. in press. A psycholinguistic investigation into diminutive strategies in the East Franconian 

             Noun Phrase. Journal of Germanic Linguistics.

[28]    Andreas Trotzke & Laia Mayol. 2021. Catalan focus markers as discourse particles. Journal of Linguistics. First View. doi: 10.1017/


[27]    Laura González López & Andreas Trotzke. 2021. ¡Mira! The grammar-attention interface in the Spanish left periphery. The

             Linguistic Review 38, 5-31. doi:10.1515/tlr-2021-2057

[26]    Andreas Trotzke. 2020. How cool is that! A new ‘construction and its theoretical challenges. The Journal of Comparative Germanic 

             Linguistics 23, 327-365. doi:10.1007/s10828-020-09120-2

[25]    Andreas Trotzke & George Walkden. 2020. Editorial: Recent advances in Germanic syntax across syntactic domains. Nordlyd 44, 

             1-2. doi:10.7557/12.5279

[24]    Liliane Haegeman & Andreas Trotzke. 2020. Non-temporal dan and the grammar of V2. Nederlandse Taalkunde 25, 255-267.


[23]    Andreas Trotzke. 2020. Constructions in minimalism: A functional perspective on cyclicity. Frontiers in Psychology 11, 2152. 


[22]    Andreas Trotzke & Xavier Villalba. 2020. Exclamatives as responses at the syntax-pragmatics interface. Journal of Pragmatics 168, 

             139-171. doi:10.1016/j.pragma.2020.06.012

[21]    Andreas Trotzke, Ermenegildo Bidese & Manuela Moroni. 2020. German discourse particles in the second language classroom: 

             Teasing apart learning problems at the syntax-pragmatics interface. Pedagogical Linguistics. doi:10.1075/pl.20008.tro

[20]    Andreas Trotzke. 2020. Pädagogische Linguistik — jetzt! Linguistische Berichte 261, 3-24.

[19]    Andreas Trotzke & Tom Rankin. 2020. Editorial: Introduction to Pedagogical Linguistics. Pedagogical Linguistics 1, 1-7. 


[18]    Andrea Beltrama & Andreas Trotzke. 2019. Conveying emphasis for intensity: Lexical and syntactic strategies. Language and 

             Linguistics Compass 13, e12343. doi:10.1111/lnc3.12343

[17]    Andreas Trotzke & Sergio Monforte. 2019. Basque question particles: Implications for a syntax of discourse particles. Linguistic 

             Variation 19, 352-385. doi:10.1075/lv.18002.tro

[16]    Andreas Trotzke & Eva Wittenberg. 2019. Long-standing issues in adjective order and corpus evidence for a multifactorial 

             approach. Linguistics 57, 273-282. doi:10.1515/ling-2019-0001

[15]    Andreas Trotzke. 2019. A note on the emotive origins of syntax. Evolutionary Linguistic Theory 1, 90-104. doi:10.1075/


[14]    Judith Degen, Andreas Trotzke, Gregory Scontras, Eva Wittenberg & Noah Goodman. 2019. Definitely, maybe: A new 

             experimental paradigm for investigating the pragmatics of evidential devices across languages. Journal of Pragmatics 140, 33-48.


[13]    Laura Dörre, Anna Czypionka, Andreas Trotzke & Josef Bayer. 2018. The processing of German modal particles and their 

             counterparts. Linguistische Berichte 255, 58-91.

[12]    Andreas Trotzke. 2018. DP-internal modal particles: A case study of German ja. Studia Linguistica 72, 322-339. doi:10.1111/


[11]    Andreas Trotzke. 2017. Mirative fronting in German: Experimental evidence. Review of Cognitive Linguistics 15, 460-488. 


[10]    Andreas Trotzke. 2017. A note on pragmatic constraints on syntax. Journal of Linguistics 53, 437-439. doi:10.1017/


[9]        Andreas Trotzke & Eva Wittenberg. 2017. Expressive particle verbs and conditions on particle fronting. Journal of Linguistics 53, 

              407-435. doi:10.1017/S0022226716000153

[8]        Andreas Trotzke & Stefano Quaglia. 2016. Particle topicalization and German clause structure. The Journal of Comparative 

              Germanic Linguistics 19, 109-141. doi:10.1007/s10828-016-9080-y

[7]        Andreas Trotzke & Giuseppina Turco. 2015. The grammatical reflexes of emphasis: Evidence from German wh-questions. Lingua 

              168, 37-56. doi:10.1016/j.lingua.2015.09.003

[6]        Andreas Trotzke. 2015. DP-internal discourse particles, expressive content, and illocutionary force. Grazer Linguistische Studien 

              83, 93-105.

[5]        Andreas Trotzke. 2015. How bizarre! A non-syntactic constraint on idiom syntax. Yearbook of the German Cognitive Linguistics 

              Association 3, 219-230. doi:10.1515/gcla-2015-0012

[4]        Andreas Trotzke, Stefano Quaglia & Eva Wittenberg. 2015. Topicalization in German particle verb constructions: The role of 

              semantic transparency. Linguistische Berichte 244, 407-424.

[3]        Andreas Trotzke, Markus Bader & Lyn Frazier. 2013. Third factors and the performance interface in language design. Biolinguistics 

              7, 1-34.

[2]        Andreas Trotzke & Antje Lahne. 2011. Recursion as derivational layering: An amendment to Zwart. Biolinguistics 5, 335-346.

[1]        Uli Sauerland & Andreas Trotzke. 2011. Biolinguistic perspectives on recursion: Introduction to the special issue. Biolinguistics 5,


Articles in edited volumes and handbooks

[14]     Andreas Trotzke & Liliane Haegeman. in press. PP-internal particles in Dutch as evidence for PP-internal discourse structure. In 

              Remus Gergel, Ingo Reich & Augustin Speyer (eds.), Particles in German, English and Beyond. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

[13]     Andreas Trotzke & Xavier Villalba. 2021. Expressive insubordination: A cross-linguistic study on that-exclamatives. In Andreas 

              Trotzke & Xavier Villalba (eds.), Expressive Meaning Across Linguistic Levels and Frameworks, 108-120. Oxford: Oxford University 


[12]     Andreas Trotzke & Xavier Villalba. 2021. Expressive meaning across linguistic levels and frameworks. In Andreas Trotzke & Xavier 

              Villalba (eds.), Expressive Meaning Across Linguistic Levels and Frameworks, 1-5. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

[11]     Andreas Trotzke & Tanja Kupisch. 2020. Formal linguistics and language education: Bridging the gap. In Andreas Trotzke & Tanja 

              Kupisch (eds.), Formal Linguistics and Language Education: New Empirical Perspectives, 1-8. Dordrecht: Springer.

[10]     Andreas Trotzke. 2019. How cool is that! Ein neuer Sprechakt aus Sicht der Grammatik/Pragmatik-Schnittstelle. In Simon     

              Meier-Vieracker, Lars Bülow, Frank Liedtke, Konstanze Marx & Robert Mroczynski (eds.), 50 Jahre Speech Acts: Bilanz und

              Perspektiven, 249-268. Tübingen: Narr.

[9]        Andreas Trotzke. 2019. Approaching the pragmatics of exclamations experimentally. Proceedings of the Chicago Linguistic Society 

              54 (CLS 54),  527-540.

[8]        Laura Dörre & Andreas Trotzke. 2019. The processing of secondary meaning: An experimental comparison of focus and modal 

              particles in wh-questions. In Daniel Gutzmann & Katharina Turgay (eds.), Secondary Content: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Side 

              Issues, 143-167. Leiden: Brill. doi:10.1163/9789004393127_007

[7]        Andreas Trotzke, Markus Bader & Lyn Frazier. 2018. Third factors and the performance interface in language design. In Anna    

              Maria Di Sciullo (ed.), Biolinguistics. Volume I: Foundations, 301-335. London: Routledge.

[6]        Andreas Trotzke. 2017. The interaction between scalar particles and illocutionary force in imperatives. In Julia Nee, Margaret 

              Cychosz, Dmetri Hayes, Tyler Lau & Emily Remirez (eds.), Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society

              329-349. Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Linguistics Society.

[5]        Stefano Quaglia & Andreas Trotzke. 2017. Italian verb particles and clausal positions. MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 82, 67-82.

[4]        Josef Bayer & Andreas Trotzke. 2015. The derivation and interpretation of left peripheral discourse particles. In Josef Bayer, 

              Roland Hinterhölzl & Andreas Trotzke (eds.), Discourse-oriented Syntax, 13-40. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

[3]        Josef Bayer, Roland Hinterhölzl & Andreas Trotzke. 2015. Issues in discourse-oriented syntax. In Josef Bayer, Roland Hinterhölzl 

              & Andreas Trotzke (eds.), Discourse-oriented Syntax, 1-12. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

[2]        Andreas Trotzke & Josef Bayer. 2015. Syntactic complexity across interfaces. In Andreas Trotzke & Josef Bayer (eds.), Syntactic 

              Complexity across Interfaces, 1-8. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

[1]        Andreas Trotzke & Jan-Wouter Zwart. 2014. The complexity of narrow syntax: Minimalism, representational economy, and

              simplest Merge. In Frederick J. Newmeyer & Laurel B. Preston (eds.), Measuring Grammatical Complexity, 128-147. Oxford: Oxford 

              University Press. 

Edited journal volumes 

Andreas Trotzke & Anna Czypionka (eds.). in press. Non-canonical Questions from a Comparative Perspective. Special Issue of Linguistics Vanguard

Andreas Trotzke & George Walkden (eds.). 2020. Recent Advances in Germanic Syntax across Syntactic Domains. Special Issue of Nordlyd 44, 1-191.

Andreas Trotzke & Eva Wittenberg (eds.). 2019. Adjective Order through a Germanic lens. Special Issue of Linguistics 57, 273-427.

Uli Sauerland & Andreas Trotzke (eds.). 2011. Biolinguistics Special Issue on Recursion. Biolinguistics 5, 1-169.

Further publications

Trotzke, Andreas. 2021. Review of: David Adger, Language unlimited: The science behind our most creative power, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Language 97, 629-635.

Andreas Trotzke. 2018. Warum sprechen wir verschiedene Sprachen? Augsburger Allgemeine 63, 19.

Eva Wittenberg & Andreas Trotzke. 2016. Bericht der AG: Adjective Order: Theory and Experiment. Mitteilungen der DGfS 83, 66-68. 

Ellen Brandner, Ellen, Anna Czypionka, Constantin Freitag & Andreas Trotzke (eds.). 2015. Charting the Landscape of Linguistics: On the Scope of Josef Bayer‘s Work. Online-Publikation [Webschrift].

Ellen Brandner, Andreas Trotzke, Barbara Sonnenhauser & Martina Werner. 2013. Bericht der AG: NP syntax and information structure. Mitteilungen der DGfS 77, 33-37.

Andreas Trotzke & Markus Bader. 2013. Against usage-based approaches to recursion: The grammar-performance distinction in a biolinguistic perspective. GLOW Newsletter 70, 183-184.

Andreas Trotzke. 2012. Review of Lieven Danckaert, Latin Embedded Clauses: The Left Periphery. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. The LINGUIST List 23.4367.

Andreas Trotzke. 2010. Rethinking Syntactocentrism: Lessons from Recent Generative Approaches to Pragmatic Properties of Left-periphery-movement in German. Dissertation, Universität Freiburg. [Online Publication]

Andreas Trotzke, Uli Sauerland, Mathias Schenner & Rainer Ludwig. 2010. Bericht der AG: „(...) von endlichen Mitteln einen unendlichen Gebrauch machen“ - Recursion as a Central Issue in Recent Linguistics. Mitteilungen der DGfS 71, 57-59.

Andreas Trotzke. 2010. Rethinking syntactocentrism: An architectural view on minimalist approaches to German left peripheral focus. In Johannes Haack, Heike Wiese, Andreas Abraham & Christian Chiarcos (eds.), Proceedings of KogWis 2010. 10th Biannual Meeting of

the German Society for Cognitive Science. Potsdam: Universitätsverlag Potsdam.

Andreas Trotzke. 2008. Rekursive Syntax & FLN? Eine kritische Betrachtung neuerer Diskussionen zur menschlichen Sprachfähigkeit innerhalb des Generativismus. MA thesis, Universität Freiburg. [Online Publication]



2018, Anastasia Giannakidou visiting me in Konstanz.


2015, research stay at MIT.


with Eva Wittenberg; dream team since 10 yrs, here in L. A.


2012, with Ray Jackendoff in Konstanz at this workshop.

born 1983, married, 1 child


2019 - present:  apl. Professor, University of Konstanz 

                        Visiting Scientist, University of California, San Diego (2019)

                        Research Fellow (EU Horizon 2020 COFUND scheme), UAB Barcelona (2019-2021)

                        Guest Professor, University of Geneva (2021)

2017 - 2019: Acting Head of section Linguistics & Didactics at University of Konstanz 

                        (Binational School of Education & Department of Linguistics)

                        Guest Professor, Université Sorbonne Paris Cité/CNRS (2017), University of Chicago 

                        (2018), UiT Tromsø (2018), and IDEX professorship (Professeur invité, 1re classe

                        Université de Bordeaux/CNRS-IKER (2018-2019)

2016 - 2017: Visiting Scholar, Stanford University 

                        Research grant from the DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft), 12-month

                        research stay at Stanford University, USA (Prof. Christopher Potts)

2011 - 2016: Postdoc, University of Konstanz (as of 2013: Research Group Leader/E14)

                        Research stays at University of California, San Diego (2015)

                        and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2015) 

2009 - 2011: Lecturer in German Linguistics, University of Potsdam


2016: Habilitation, University of Konstanz (General and German Linguistics)

                        Reviewers: Prof. Josef Bayer; Prof. Georg A. Kaiser; Prof. Susanne Winkler (U Tübingen) 

2010: Dr. phil. in German Linguistics, University of Freiburg

                        Supervisors: Prof. Jürgen Dittmann; Prof. Wolfgang Raible

2008 - 2010: PhD student, Hermann Paul Graduate School of Linguistics, University of Freiburg

2008: Magister Artium (M.A.), University of Freiburg

2006 - 2008: University of Freiburg

                        Studies in German Linguistics, German Literature, Sociology, and Philosophy     

2003 - 2006: University of Münster

                        Studies in German Linguistics, German Literature, Sociology, and Philosophy;

                        student assistant, Prof. Franz Hundsnurscher



2021 - present: Panel member, Leibniz Institute for the German Language (IDS)

                        Panel Schulgrammatische Terminologie

2020 - present: Advisory Board member, German Linguistic Society (DGfS)

2020 - present: Spokesman, DGfS Lehramtsinitiative 

                        (Initiative for Linguistics in Language Education)

2019 - present: Editor,  Pedagogical Linguistics (John Benjamins)



2011 – present, University of Konstanz (German linguistics): 27 courses in all core areas of linguistics at all levels (BA, MA, PhD)

[some courses (most of them taught repeatedly): Grammatik und Sprechakte, Linguistik und Literatur, Satztypen in der Schule, Sprachevolution, Sprachgeschichte des Deutschen, Syntax I, Syntax II, Pragmatik I, Semantik I, Informationsstruktur, Sprachliche Variation im Germanischen und sprachtypologische Stellung des Deutschen, Die expressive Dimension der Sprache, Einführung in die Linguistik (Lehramt Deutsch), Struktur und Geschichte des Deutschen II, Recursion in Natural Language, Linguistische Grundlagen Deutsch als Zweitsprache]

2009 – 2011 , University of Potsdam (German linguistics): 4 courses at undergraduate level 

In addition, I have taught classes at the following universities:

Stanford University (2016) 

Technische Universität Braunschweig (2018)

UiT Tromsø (2018)

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (2019)

Universitat Pompeu Fabra Barcelona (2018)

Université Sorbonne Paris Cité/CNRS (2017)

University of Cyprus (2013)

Here are some websites documenting my teaching activities as Invited Professor:

2021, Université de Genève, PhD course: The syntax-pragmatics interface [with Eva Wittenberg]

2018, Technische Universität Braunschweig, PhD course: The grammar-pragmatics interface in second and foreign language teaching

2018, UiT Tromsø, PhD course: The syntax-pragmatics interface: Bridging theory and experiment [with Petra Schumacher]

2017, Université Sorbonne Paris Cité/CNRS, lecture series: The grammar of not-at-issue meaning 

I’m involved and engaged in developing linguistics’ potential contribution to language pedagogy by serving as General Editor of the journal Pedagogical Linguistics (John Benjamins).

I’m directing the Lehramtsinitiative (Initiative for Linguistics in Language Education) of the German Linguistic Society (DGfS), and I’m also coordinating the network LiDi (Modern Linguistics & Language Didactics).

Organization of scientific conferences 

[note: DGfS is the German Linguistic Society]

2021       DGfS Workshop: Language & Cognition: Current Insights for Language Education, University of Freiburg, February 23 [with         

                    Adriana Hanulíková].

2019a     Non-canonical Questions in French, German, and beyond, University of Konstanz, November 21-22 [with Anna Czypionka].

2019b     Functional Categories and Expressive Meaning, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, September 9-10. [with Xavier Villalba].

2019c      CGSW 34 (Comparative Germanic Syntax Workshop 34), University of Konstanz, June 14-15 [with George Walkden].

2018        Modern Linguistics & Language Didactics, University of Konstanz, March 15-16 [with Tanja Kupisch].

2016        DGfS Workshop: Adjective Order – Theory and Experiment, University of Konstanz, February 23-26 [with Eva Wittenberg].

2015a     Charting the Landscape of Linguistics: In honor of Josef Bayer, University of Konstanz, November 19. [with Ellen Brandner

                    & Anna Czypionka].

2015b     Haupt- und Nebensatz an der Syntax/Pragmatik-Schnittstelle, University of Konstanz, June 04-05 [with Josef Bayer].

2014a     The Grammar’s Reflexes of Emphasis: From Information Structure to the Expressive Dimension, University of Konstanz, 

                    September 29-30 [with Josef Bayer].

2014b     Discourse Particles: Cross-linguistic Perspectives, University of Konstanz, January 24-25 [with Josef Bayer].

2013a     The Role of Modal Particles in Diverse Speech Acts, Università Ca’ Foscari di Venezia, October 03-04. [with Josef Bayer,

                    Anna Cardinaletti & Roland Hinterhölzl].

2013b     DGfS Workshop: NP Syntax and Information Structure, University of Potsdam, March 13-15 [with Ellen Brandner, 

                    Barbara Sonnenhauser & Martina Werner].

2012        Complex Sentences, Types of Embedding, and Recursivity, University of Konstanz, March 05-06 [with Josef Bayer & 

                    Antje Lahne].

2010        DGfS Workshop: ‘[...] von endlichen Mitteln einen unendlichen Gebrauch machen’ – Recursion as a Central Issue in Recent 

                    Linguistics, Humboldt University of Berlin, February 24-26 [with Uli Sauerland, Mathias Schenner & Rainer Ludwig].


I’m not only a linguist, but also a passionate (marathon) runner. 

Have a look at a nice article about my recent virtual run (virtual London marathon 2020)

by the wonderful journalist Patrizia Barbera.


68k, +/- 2606m: 9:57:54 (2021)

Marathon: 2:49:39 (2018)

Half, +/- 200m: 1:23:21 (2018) 

10k: 0:37:26 (2019)

8,14k: 0:29:13 (2018)

[Konstanzer Altstadtlauf]


2019, NYC Marathon, at the start line.


2017/2018, Zürich/Neujahrsmarathon. Awesome way to start off the new year!


2021, K68 SwissAlpine Ultramarathon.


2016, San Francisco Marathon.