Andreas Trotzke

Professor of Linguistics, University of Konstanz 

I’m Außerplanmäßiger Professor in the Department of Linguistics, University of Konstanz and Editor of the journal Pedagogical Linguistics (John Benjamins). I’m also serving as Advisory Board Member of the German Linguistic Society (DGfS) and as Spokesman of DGfS’s Lehramtsinitiative (Initiative for Linguistics in Language Education).

Research                          Funded research projects  

  My Google Scholar page

in press

Andreas Trotzke & Xavier Villalba. in press. Expressive Meaning Across Linguistic Levels and Frameworks. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Eva Wittenberg & Andreas Trotzke. in press. A psycholinguistic investigation into diminutive strategies in the East Franconian Noun Phrase. Journal of Germanic Linguistics.

Andreas Trotzke & Anna Czypionka (eds.). in press. Non-canonical Questions from a Comparative Perspective. Special Issue of Linguistics Vanguard


Andreas Trotzke & Laia Mayol. 2021. Catalan focus markers as discourse particles. Journal of Linguistics. First View. doi: 10.1017/S0022226720000481

Laura González López & Andreas Trotzke. 2021. ¡Mira! The grammar-attention interface in the Spanish left periphery. The Linguistic Review 38, 5-31. doi:10.1515/tlr-2021-2057


Andreas Trotzke. 2020. How cool is that! A new ‘construction and its theoretical challenges. The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics 23, 327-365. doi:10.1007/s10828-020-09120-2

Andreas Trotzke & George Walkden (eds.). 2020. Recent Advances in Germanic Syntax across Syntactic Domains. Special Issue of Nordlyd 44, 1-191.

Andreas Trotzke & George Walkden. 2020. Editorial: Recent advances in Germanic syntax across syntactic domains. Nordlyd 44, 1-2. doi:10.7557/12.5279

Liliane Haegeman & Andreas Trotzke. 2020. Non-temporal dan and the grammar of V2. Nederlandse Taalkunde 25, 255-267. doi:10.5117/NEDTAA2020.2-3.010.HAEG

Andreas Trotzke. 2020. Constructions in minimalism: A functional perspective on cyclicity. Frontiers in Psychology 11, 2152. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.02152

Andreas Trotzke & Xavier Villalba. 2020. Exclamatives as responses at the syntax-pragmatics interface. Journal of Pragmatics 168, 139-171. doi:10.1016/j.pragma.2020.06.012

Andreas Trotzke, Ermenegildo Bidese & Manuela Moroni. 2020. German discourse particles in the second language classroom: Teasing apart learning problems at the syntax-pragmatics interface. Pedagogical Linguistics. doi:10.1075/pl.20008.tro

Andreas Trotzke & Tanja Kupisch. 2020. Formal linguistics and language education: Bridging the gap. In Andreas Trotzke & Tanja Kupisch (eds.), Formal Linguistics and Language Education: New Empirical Perspectives, 1-8. Dordrecht: Springer.

Andreas Trotzke & Tanja Kupisch (eds.). 2020. Formal Linguistics and Language Education: New Empirical Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer.

Andreas Trotzke. 2020. Pädagogische Linguistik — jetzt! Linguistische Berichte 261, 3-24.

Andreas Trotzke & Tom Rankin. 2020. Editorial: Introduction to Pedagogical Linguistics. Pedagogical Linguistics 1, 1-7. doi:10.1075/pl.19015.tro


 Andreas Trotzke. 2019. How cool is that! Ein neuer Sprechakt aus Sicht der Grammatik/Pragmatik-Schnittstelle. In Simon Meier-Vieracker, Lars Bülow, Frank Liedtke, Konstanze Marx & Robert Mroczynski (eds.), 50 Jahre Speech Acts: Bilanz und Perspektiven, 249-268. Tübingen: Narr.

Andreas Trotzke. 2019. Approaching the pragmatics of exclamations experimentally. Proceedings of the Chicago Linguistic Society 54 (CLS 54),  527-540.

Andrea Beltrama & Andreas Trotzke. 2019. Conveying emphasis for intensity: Lexical and syntactic strategies. Language and Linguistics

Compass 13, e12343. doi:10.1111/lnc3.12343

Andreas Trotzke & Sergio Monforte. 2019. Basque question particles: Implications for a syntax of discourse particles. Linguistic Variation 19, 352-385. doi:10.1075/lv.18002.tro

Laura Dörre & Andreas Trotzke. 2019. The processing of secondary meaning: An experimental comparison of focus and modal particles in wh-questions. In Daniel Gutzmann & Katharina Turgay (eds.), Secondary Content: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Side Issues, 143-167. Leiden: Brill. doi:10.1163/9789004393127_007

Andreas Trotzke & Eva Wittenberg. 2019. Long-standing issues in adjective order and corpus evidence for a multifactorial approach.

Linguistics 57, 273-282. doi:10.1515/ling-2019-0001

Andreas Trotzke & Eva Wittenberg (eds.). 2019. Adjective Order through a Germanic lens. Special Issue of Linguistics 57, 273-427.

Andreas Trotzke. 2019. A note on the emotive origins of syntax. Evolutionary Linguistic Theory 1, 90-104. doi:10.1075/elt.00005.tro

Judith Degen, Andreas Trotzke, Gregory Scontras, Eva Wittenberg & Noah Goodman. 2019. Definitely, maybe: A new experimental paradigm for investigating the pragmatics of evidential devices across languages. Journal of Pragmatics 140, 33-48. doi:10.1016/j.pragma.2018.11.015


Laura Dörre, Anna Czypionka, Andreas Trotzke & Josef Bayer. 2018. The processing of German modal particles and their counterparts.

Linguistische Berichte 255, 58-91.

Andreas Trotzke. 2018. DP-internal modal particles: A case study of German ja. Studia Linguistica 72, 322-339. doi:10.1111/stul.12052.

Andreas Trotzke, Markus Bader & Lyn Frazier. 2018. Third factors and the performance interface in language design. In Anna Maria Di Sciullo (ed.), Biolinguistics. Volume I: Foundations, 301-335. London: Routledge.

Andreas Trotzke. 2018. Warum sprechen wir verschiedene Sprachen? Augsburger Allgemeine 63, 19.


Andreas Trotzke. 2017. The Grammar of Emphasis: From Information Structure to the Expressive Dimension. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

[Reviewed by Werner Abraham, Folia Linguistica 52, 535-542.]

Andreas Trotzke. 2017. Sprachevolution: Eine Einführung. De Gruyter Studium. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

[Reviewed by Eva Wittenberg, Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft 37, 131-137.]

Andreas Trotzke. 2017. Mirative fronting in German: Experimental evidence. Review of Cognitive Linguistics 15, 460-488. doi:10.1075/rcl.15.2.07tro

Andreas Trotzke. 2017. The interaction between scalar particles and illocutionary force in imperatives. In Julia Nee, Margaret Cychosz, Dmetri Hayes, Tyler Lau & Emily Remirez (eds.), Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 329-349. Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Linguistics Society.

Andreas Trotzke. 2017. A note on pragmatic constraints on syntax. Journal of Linguistics 53, 437-439. doi:10.1017/S0022226716000414

Stefano Quaglia & Andreas Trotzke. 2017. Italian verb particles and clausal positions. MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 82, 67-82.

Andreas Trotzke & Eva Wittenberg. 2017. Expressive particle verbs and conditions on particle fronting. Journal of Linguistics 53, 407-435. doi:10.1017/S0022226716000153


Andreas Trotzke & Stefano Quaglia. 2016. Particle topicalization and German clause structure. The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics 19, 109-141. doi:10.1007/s10828-016-9080-y

Eva Wittenberg & Andreas Trotzke. 2016. Bericht der AG: Adjective Order: Theory and Experiment. Mitteilungen der DGfS 83, 66-68. 


Andreas Trotzke & Giuseppina Turco. 2015. The grammatical reflexes of emphasis: Evidence from German wh-questions. Lingua 168, 37-56. doi:10.1016/j.lingua.2015.09.003

Andreas Trotzke. 2015. Rethinking Syntactocentrism: Architectural Issues and Case Studies at the Syntax-Pragmatics Interface. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

[Reviewed by Kriszta Szendroi, Journal of Linguistics 53, 223-228.]

Andreas Trotzke. 2015. DP-internal discourse particles, expressive content, and illocutionary force. Grazer Linguistische Studien 83, 93-105.

Andreas Trotzke. 2015. How bizarre! A non-syntactic constraint on idiom syntax. Yearbook of the German Cognitive Linguistics Association 3, 219-230. doi:10.1515/gcla-2015-0012

Josef Bayer & Andreas Trotzke. 2015. The derivation and interpretation of left peripheral discourse particles. In Josef Bayer, Roland Hinterhölzl & Andreas Trotzke (eds.), Discourse-oriented Syntax, 13-40. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Josef Bayer, Roland Hinterhölzl & Andreas Trotzke. 2015. Issues in discourse-oriented syntax. In Josef Bayer, Roland Hinterhölzl & Andreas Trotzke (eds.), Discourse-oriented Syntax, 1-12. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Andreas Trotzke & Josef Bayer (eds.). 2015. Syntactic Complexity across Interfaces. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Josef Bayer, Roland Hinterhölzl & Andreas Trotzke (eds.). 2015. Discourse-oriented Syntax. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Andreas Trotzke, Stefano Quaglia & Eva Wittenberg. 2015. Topicalization in German particle verb constructions: The role of semantic transparency. Linguistische Berichte 244, 407-424.

Andreas Trotzke & Josef Bayer. 2015. Syntactic complexity across interfaces. In Andreas Trotzke & Josef Bayer (eds.), Syntactic Complexity across Interfaces, 1-8. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Ellen Brandner, Ellen, Anna Czypionka, Constantin Freitag & Andreas Trotzke (eds.). 2015. Charting the Landscape of Linguistics: On the Scope of Josef Bayer‘s Work. Online-Publikation [Webschrift].


Andreas Trotzke & Jan-Wouter Zwart. 2014. The complexity of narrow syntax: Minimalism, representational economy, and simplest Merge. In Frederick J. Newmeyer & Laurel B. Preston (eds.), Measuring Grammatical Complexity, 128-147. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 


Andreas Trotzke, Markus Bader & Lyn Frazier. 2013. Third factors and the performance interface in language design. Biolinguistics 7, 1-34.

Andreas Trotzke & Markus Bader. 2013. Against usage-based approaches to recursion: The grammar-performance distinction in a biolinguistic perspective. GLOW Newsletter 70, 183-184.

Ellen Brandner, Andreas Trotzke, Barbara Sonnenhauser & Martina Werner. 2013. Bericht der AG: NP syntax and information structure. Mitteilungen der DGfS 77, 33-37.


Andreas Trotzke. 2012. Review of Lieven Danckaert, Latin Embedded Clauses: The Left Periphery. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. The LINGUIST List 23.4367.


Andreas Trotzke & Antje Lahne. 2011. Recursion as derivational layering: An amendment to Zwart. Biolinguistics 5, 335-346.

Uli Sauerland & Andreas Trotzke. 2011. Biolinguistic perspectives on recursion: Introduction to the special issue. Biolinguistics 5, 1-9.

Uli Sauerland & Andreas Trotzke (eds.). 2011. Biolinguistics Special Issue on Recursion. Biolinguistics 5, 1-169.


Andreas Trotzke. 2010. Rethinking syntactocentrism: An architectural view on minimalist approaches to German left peripheral focus. In Johannes Haack, Heike Wiese, Andreas Abraham & Christian Chiarcos (eds.), Proceedings of KogWis 2010. 10th Biannual Meeting of

the German Society for Cognitive Science. Potsdam: Universitätsverlag Potsdam.

Andreas Trotzke. 2010. Rethinking Syntactocentrism: Lessons from Recent Generative Approaches to Pragmatic Properties of Left-periphery-movement in German. Dissertation, Universität Freiburg. [Online Publication]

Andreas Trotzke, Uli Sauerland, Mathias Schenner & Rainer Ludwig. 2010. Bericht der AG: „(...) von endlichen Mitteln einen unendlichen Gebrauch machen“ - Recursion as a Central Issue in Recent Linguistics. Mitteilungen der DGfS 71, 57-59.


Andreas Trotzke. 2008. Rekursive Syntax & FLN? Eine kritische Betrachtung neuerer Diskussionen zur menschlichen Sprachfähigkeit innerhalb des Generativismus. MA thesis, Universität Freiburg. [Online Publication]

CV                                   download full CV

born 1983, married 

2003 - 2008: Studies in German Linguistics, German Literature, Sociology, and Philosophy at University of Münster and University of Freiburg

2009 - 2011: Lecturer in German Linguistics, University of Potsdam

2010: Dr. phil. in German Linguistics, University of Freiburg

2011 - 2016: Postdoc in General and German Linguistics (as of 2013: Research Group Leader/E14), University of Konstanz

2016: Habilitation at University of Konstanz

Since 2016: Privatdozent, then Außerplanmäßiger Professor, University of Konstanz 

2016 - 2017: Research grant from the DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft), research at Stanford University, USA (Prof. Christopher Potts)

2017 - 2019: Acting Head of section Linguistics & Didactics at University of Konstanz (Binational School of Education & Department of Linguistics)

2017 - 2021: Invited Professorships and Scholar at Université Sorbonne Paris Cité/CNRS (International Chair Empirical Foundations of Linguistics 2017), CNRS-IKER/Université de Bordeaux, (Professeur invité, 1re classe), UiT/The Arctic University of Norway (Tromsø), and Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Since 2019: Editor of the journal Pedagogical Linguistics (John Benjamins)

Since 2020: Advisory Board member of the German Linguistic Society (DGfS) and Spokesman of DGfS’s Lehramtsinitiative (Initiative for Linguistics in Language Education)

I’m not only a linguist, but also a passionate (marathon) runner (PR 2:49 in Barcelona in 2018). Have a look at a nice article about my recent virtual run (virtual London marathon 2020) by the wonderful journalist Patrizia Barbera.



2011 – present, University of Konstanz (German linguistics): 27 courses in all core areas of linguistics at all levels (BA, MA, PhD)

[some courses (most of them taught repeatedly): Grammatik und Sprechakte, Linguistik und Literatur, Satztypen in der Schule, Sprachevolution, Sprachgeschichte des Deutschen, Syntax I, Syntax II, Pragmatik I, Semantik I, Informationsstruktur, Sprachliche Variation im Germanischen und sprachtypologische Stellung des Deutschen, Die expressive Dimension der Sprache, Einführung in die Linguistik (Lehramt Deutsch), Struktur und Geschichte des Deutschen II, Recursion in Natural Language, Linguistische Grundlagen Deutsch als Zweitsprache]

2009 – 2011 , University of Potsdam (German linguistics): 4 courses at undergraduate level 

In addition, I have taught classes at the following universities:

Stanford University (2016) 

Technische Universität Braunschweig (2018)

UiT Tromsø (2018)

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (2019)

Universitat Pompeu Fabra Barcelona (2018)

Université Sorbonne Paris Cité/CNRS (2017)

University of Cyprus (2013)

Here are some websites documenting my teaching activities as an Invited Professor:

Université Sorbonne Paris Cité/CNRS, lecture series: The grammar of not-at-issue meaning 

Technische Universität Braunschweig, PhD course: The grammar-pragmatics interface in second and foreign language teaching

UiT Tromsø, PhD course: The syntax-pragmatics interface: Bridging theory and experiment [with Petra Schumacher]

I’m involved and engaged in developing linguistics’ potential contribution to language pedagogy by serving as General Editor of the journal Pedagogical Linguistics (John Benjamins).

I’m directing the Lehramtsinitiative (Initiative for Linguistics in Language Education) of the German Linguistic Society (DGfS), and I’m also coordinating the network LiDi (Modern Linguistics & Language Didactics).

Organization of scientific conferences 

[note: DGfS is the German Linguistic Society]

2021       DGfS Workshop: Language & Cognition: Current Insights for Language Education, University of Freiburg, February 23 [with         

                    Adriana Hanulíková].

2019a     Non-canonical Questions in French, German, and beyond, University of Konstanz, November 21-22 [with Anna Czypionka].

2019b     Functional Categories and Expressive Meaning, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, September 9-10. [with Xavier Villalba].

2019c      CGSW 34 (Comparative Germanic Syntax Workshop 34), University of Konstanz, June 14-15 [with George Walkden].

2018        Modern Linguistics & Language Didactics, University of Konstanz, March 15-16 [with Tanja Kupisch].

2016        DGfS Workshop: Adjective Order – Theory and Experiment, University of Konstanz, February 23-26 [with Eva Wittenberg].

2015a     Charting the Landscape of Linguistics: In honor of Josef Bayer, University of Konstanz, November 19. [with Ellen Brandner

                    & Anna Czypionka].

2015b     Haupt- und Nebensatz an der Syntax/Pragmatik-Schnittstelle, University of Konstanz, June 04-05 [with Josef Bayer].

2014a     The Grammar’s Reflexes of Emphasis: From Information Structure to the Expressive Dimension, University of Konstanz, 

                    September 29-30 [with Josef Bayer].

2014b     Discourse Particles: Cross-linguistic Perspectives, University of Konstanz, January 24-25 [with Josef Bayer].

2013a     The Role of Modal Particles in Diverse Speech Acts, Università Ca’ Foscari di Venezia, October 03-04. [with Josef Bayer,

                    Anna Cardinaletti & Roland Hinterhölzl].

2013b     DGfS Workshop: NP Syntax and Information Structure, University of Potsdam, March 13-15 [with Ellen Brandner, 

                    Barbara Sonnenhauser & Martina Werner].

2012        Complex Sentences, Types of Embedding, and Recursivity, University of Konstanz, March 05-06 [with Josef Bayer & 

                    Antje Lahne].

2010        DGfS Workshop: ‘[...] von endlichen Mitteln einen unendlichen Gebrauch machen’ – Recursion as a Central Issue in Recent 

                    Linguistics, Humboldt University of Berlin, February 24-26 [with Uli Sauerland, Mathias Schenner & Rainer Ludwig].