This page provides a wide range of LFG resources: Introductory Books, Teaching Material, LFG Systems & Demos, and other...

Inroductory Books on LFG

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Standard Selections of Articles:

  • Bresnan, Joan, editor. 1982. The Mental Representation of Grammatical Relations. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Levin, Lori S., Malka Rappaport, and Annie Zaenen, editors. 1983. Papers in Lexical-Functional Grammar. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Linguistics Club. Reissued in 2005 as Lexical Semantics in LFG, edited by Miriam Butt and Tracy Holloway King. CSLI Publications.
  • Dalrymple, Mary, Ronald M. Kaplan, John T. Maxwell, III, and Annie Zaenen, editors. 1995. Formal Issues in Lexical-Functional Grammar. CSLI Publications. It is available here.
  • Butt, Miriam, and Tracy Holloway King, editors. 2000. Argument Realization. CSLI Publications.
  • Butt, Miriam, and Tracy Holloway King, editors. 2001. Time over Matter: Diachronic Perspectives on Morphosyntax. CSLI Publications.
  • Sells, Peter, editor. 2001. Formal and Empirical Issues in Optimality Theoretic Syntax. CSLI Publications.
  • Butt, Miriam, and Tracy Holloway King, editors. 2003. Nominals: Inside and Out. CSLI Publications.
  • Sadler, Louisa, and Andrew Spencer, editors. 2004. Projecting Morphology. CSLI Publications.
  • Grimshaw, Jane, Joan Maling, Chris Manning, Jane Simpson, and Annie Zaenen, editors. 2006. Architectures, Rules, and Preferences: A Festschrift for Joan Bresnan. CSLI Publications.
  • Butt, Miriam, Mary Dalrymple, and Tracy Holloway King, editors. 2006. Intelligent Linguistic Architectures: Variations on Themes by Ronald M. Kaplan. CSLI Publications.
  • Holloway-King, Tracy and Valeria de Paiva, editors. 2013. From Quirky Case to Representing Space: Papers in Honor of Annie Zaenen. CSLI Publications, Stanford, Ca. [On-line, here].

LFG Systems & Demos

  • The Xerox Linguistic Environment (XLE). XLE consists of algorithms for parsing and generating large LFG grammars along with a rich graphical user interface for writing and debugging such grammars. The system is maintained and hosted at the University of Konstanz.
  • XLE Web-Interface:
    A a web-based tool for parsing with LFG grammars.

The following are publicly available implementations (in some sense) of LFG. The ordering is random:

  • The Xerox Grammar Writer's Workbench
  • Avery Andrews's systems: Baby Glue, lfgw, lfg-pc
  • The geta_run system, developed by Rodolfo Delmonte (Universita' Ca' Foscari, VENEZIA) and Dario Bianchi (University of Parma), provides a web interface to a system that produces LFG-style F-Structures.
  • GFU-LAB is a Prolog implementation by Juan C. Ruiz-Anton. It uses SWI-Prolog, and should run under Linux and/or Windows.
  • XLFG is a parser prototype which implements the LFG formalism, developed by Lionel Clément. It is distributed as free software.
  • It is not really a system, as such, but the INESS website provides tree banks for various languages, including LFG style ones developed in the Pargram project (see under development efforts, and here.
  • The ALE system integrates phrase structure parsing, semantic-head-driven generation and constraint logic programming with typed feature structures as terms; ''with suitable coding, it can also execute several aspects of Lexical-Functional Grammar (LFG).''

LFG Bibliography

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LFG Bibliography is a comprehensive bibliography of published and unpublished works written in the framework of Lexical Functional Grammar, originally compiled by Peter Austin and Mary Dalrymple, with assistance from Joan Bresnan and Trudy Vizmanos. Avery Andrews maintained the Bibliography until 2002, Miriam Butt until 2007, and Aoife Cahill until 2010. Please send corrections and additions to the current maintainer, Meladel Mistica of the Australian National University.
Last Updated: October, 2014
Comments, questions corrections or additions to Meladel Mistica

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